Tastes Nutritious

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Nutrition in the news – interesting articles from September 2013

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Here are some interesting articles that I came across in September 2013:

Article Title: Breast health linked to eating peanut butter and nuts

Date: 27th September 2013

Summary: New study published in the Journal of Breast Cancer Research and Treatment found that girls between 9-15 who ate nuts twice a week were 39% less likely to develop benign breast disease by the age of 30.  Even though that these various benign lumps were not cancerous, they were found to increase the breast cancer risk later on in life.

Article Title: Researchers explore the effects of avocado intake on satiety, glucose and insulin levels in healthy overweight adults

Date: 21st September 2013

Summary: New research has found that including avocado at mealtimes may help to reduce hunger and the desire to eat in overweight adults. In addition, including avocado at mealtimes resulted in smaller post meal rises of insulin. Although more research needs to be done, this is a great start to understanding the benefits of eating an avocado.

Article Title: The arsenic in our drinking water

Date: 20th September 2013

Summary: Scientists suspect that some of the common complaints such as runny nose, stubborn cough and respiratory infections may be due toxic arsenic which has been found in drinking water. Arsenic is found in soil and bedrock across much of the US. From there it seeps into drinking water causing contamination of drinking supply. Although there are set limits for municipal water supplies, more needs to be done as even small traces of arsenic in a body can cause significant health problems.

Article Title: The mind’s perception of sweetness altered by carbonation

Date: 20th September 

Summary: New article in Gastroenterology shows that carbonation alters the mind’s perception of sweetness and makes it difficult for the brain to distinguish between sugar and additional sweetener. The benefit of this is that you can trick the brain into believing that diet carbonated drinks are just as sweet as their regular counterparts which helps to reduce the calorie intake. However the combination of carbon and sugar may stimulate increased sugar and food consumption.

Article Title: Immune function likely enhanced by red grapes, blueberries 

Date: 19th September 2013

Summary: Researchers at Linus Pauling Institute have analysed 446 compounds and found that resveratrol in red grapes and pterostilbene in blueberries had the biggest impacts on the body immune system.

Article Title: Healthy eating reduces the risk of depression

Date: 18th September 2013

Summary: A study of 200 men conducted at a university in Eastern Finland has found that healthy diet may reduce the risk of severe depression. In addition weight loss was associated with reduction of depressive symptoms. These results confirm the hypothesis that good and healthy diet plays and important part in preventing depression.

Article Title: Diet during pregnancy and early life affects children’s behaviour and intelligence

Date: 17th September 2013

Summary: Researchers from Nutrimenthe have found that folic acid when taken for the first three months of pregnancy can reduce the likelihood of behavioural problems during early childhood. Eating oily fish is also important for the omega-3 fatty acids which act as brain’s building blocks as well as iodine which seems to have a positive impact on the reading ability.

Article Title: Drinking milk in pregnancy may lead to taller children

Date: 13th September 2013

Summary: A new study conducted in Denmark found that women who drank more than 5 ounces of milk a day during pregnancy had on average bigger children than those that did not. By the age of 20 the children of mothers who drank more than five ounces of milk during pregnancy were almost half inch taller.

Article Title: Researchers link obesity and the body’s production of fructose 

Date: 13th September 2013

Summary: New research published in nature of communications shows that fatty liver and insulin resistance is not only caused by the fructose that is added to the food that we consume but also can be caused by the fructose that the liver produces as it breaks down the non-fructose carbohydrates.

Article Title: Could low salt intake increase mortality risk?

Date: 10th September 2013

Summary: New study published in the journal Hypertension shows that people who consumed the lowest levels of salt had 20% increase in the risk of mortality. Salt contains an element called chloride which works together with potassium, sodium and carbon dioxide to maintain correct body fluid levels. It is the imbalance of the body fluid levels which the researchers believe increase the risk of mortality. Their recommendation is to screen people routinely for chloride levels.

Article Title: Commercial baby foods fail to meet weaning needs

Date: 10th September 2013 Summary:

Researchers found that commercially produced baby foods which parents use for weaning are not nutritionally better than breast milk. They found that the spoonable foods which formed 79% of the food they looked at had the same energy content as breast milk and their protein content was only 40% higher than formula. The finger foods had the highest levels of energy and nutrition density however they also had very high sugar levels.

Article Title: Human gut microbes alter mouse metabolism, depending on the diet

Date: 9th September 2013

Summary: New study in the journal of science shows that when mice receive gut bacteria from lean and obese humans the mice with gut bacteria from the obese humans put on more weight and accumulate more fat. The lean individuals had more of Bacteroides which were found to protect the mice on some diets from excess fat accumulation.

Article Title: Oral nutritional supplements provided to patients during hospitalisation demonstrate significant health and cost benefit

Date: 4th September 2013

Summary: A recent study showed that giving vitamin and mineral supplements to people who are in a hospital led to 21% reduction in the length of stay and 21.6% reduction in the hospitalisation cost.

Article Title: Calorie counting eButton camera measures portion size

Date: 4th September 2013

Summary: A new wearable small computer called eButton has been invented to help to estimate the calories eaten by evaluating food portion sizes. It works by taking pictures of the food on the plate and comparing the shapes to a database. On average the eButton estimation resulted in only 3.69% of variation. While the results are promising there are still some unresolved issues which need to be addressed before the eButton can become a tool for people.

Article Title:  Violent behaviour linked to nutritional deficiencies

Date: 3rd September 2013

Summary: New report suggests that violent behaviour could be caused by vitamin deficiency especially vitamins A, D, K, B1, B3, B6, B12 and folate or mineral deficiency from low iodine, potassium, iron, magnesium, zinc, chromium or manganese levels. There are also other ingredients present in food which are linked to violent behaviour. These include: sugar, artificial colors and flavorings, caffeine, alcohol and soy foods.

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