Tastes Nutritious

blog to discuss everyday questions about nutrition

Articles

News 4-2

SEPTEMBER 2013

Article Title: Breast health linked to eating peanut butter and nuts

Date: 27th September 2013

Summary: New study published in the Journal of Breast Cancer Research and Treatment found that girls between 9-15 who ate nuts twice a week were 39% less likely to develop benign breast disease by the age of 30.  Even though that these various benign lumps were not cancerous, they were found to increase the breast cancer risk later on in life.

Article Title: Researchers explore the effects of avocado intake on satiety, glucose and insulin levels in healthy overweight adults

Date: 21st September 2013

Summary: New research has found that including avocado at mealtimes may help to reduce hunger and the desire to eat in overweight adults. In addition, including avocado at mealtimes resulted in smaller post meal rises of insulin. Although more research needs to be done, this is a great start to understanding the benefits of eating an avocado.

Article Title: The arsenic in our drinking water

Date: 20th September 2013

Summary: Scientists suspect that some of the common complaints such as runny nose, stubborn cough and respiratory infections may be due toxic arsenic which has been found in drinking water. Arsenic is found in soil and bedrock across much of the US. From there it seeps into drinking water causing contamination of drinking supply. Although there are set limits for municipal water supplies, more needs to be done as even small traces of arsenic in a body can cause significant health problems.

Article Title: The mind’s perception of sweetness altered by carbonation

Date: 20th September 

Summary: New article in Gastroenterology shows that carbonation alters the mind’s perception of sweetness and makes it difficult for the brain to distinguish between sugar and additional sweetener. The benefit of this is that you can trick the brain into believing that diet carbonated drinks are just as sweet as their regular counterparts which helps to reduce the calorie intake. However the combination of carbon and sugar may stimulate increased sugar and food consumption.

Article Title: Immune function likely enhanced by red grapes, blueberries 

Date: 19th September 2013

Summary: Researchers at Linus Pauling Institute have analysed 446 compounds and found that resveratrol in red grapes and pterostilbene in blueberries had the biggest impacts on the body immune system.

Article Title: Healthy eating reduces the risk of depression

Date: 18th September 2013

Summary: A study of 200 men conducted at a university in Eastern Finland has found that healthy diet may reduce the risk of severe depression. In addition weight loss was associated with reduction of depressive symptoms. These results confirm the hypothesis that good and healthy diet plays and important part in preventing depression.

Article Title: Diet during pregnancy and early life affects children’s behaviour and intelligence

Date: 17th September 2013

Summary: Researchers from Nutrimenthe have found that folic acid when taken for the first three months of pregnancy can reduce the likelihood of behavioural problems during early childhood. Eating oily fish is also important for the omega-3 fatty acids which act as brain’s building blocks as well as iodine which seems to have a positive impact on the reading ability.

Article Title: Drinking milk in pregnancy may lead to taller children

Date: 13th September 2013

Summary: A new study conducted in Denmark found that women who drank more than 5 ounces of milk a day during pregnancy had on average bigger children than those that did not. By the age of 20 the children of mothers who drank more than five ounces of milk during pregnancy were almost half inch taller.

Article Title: Researchers link obesity and the body’s production of fructose 

Date: 13th September 2013

Summary: New research published in nature of communications shows that fatty liver and insulin resistance is not only caused by the fructose that is added to the food that we consume but also can be caused by the fructose that the liver produces as it breaks down the non-fructose carbohydrates.

Article Title: Could low salt intake increase mortality risk?

Date: 10th September 2013

Summary: New study published in the journal Hypertension shows that people who consumed the lowest levels of salt had 20% increase in the risk of mortality. Salt contains an element called chloride which works together with potassium, sodium and carbon dioxide to maintain correct body fluid levels. It is the imbalance of the body fluid levels which the researchers believe increase the risk of mortality. Their recommendation is to screen people routinely for chloride levels.

Article Title: Commercial baby foods fail to meet weaning needs

Date: 10th September 2013 Summary:

Researchers found that commercially produced baby foods which parents use for weaning are not nutritionally better than breast milk. They found that the spoonable foods which formed 79% of the food they looked at had the same energy content as breast milk and their protein content was only 40% higher than formula. The finger foods had the highest levels of energy and nutrition density however they also had very high sugar levels.

Article Title: Human gut microbes alter mouse metabolism, depending on the diet

Date: 9th September 2013

Summary: New study in the journal of science shows that when mice receive gut bacteria from lean and obese humans the mice with gut bacteria from the obese humans put on more weight and accumulate more fat. The lean individuals had more of Bacteroides which were found to protect the mice on some diets from excess fat accumulation.

Article Title: Oral nutritional supplements provided to patients during hospitalisation demonstrate significant health and cost benefit

Date: 4th September 2013

Summary: A recent study showed that giving vitamin and mineral supplements to people who are in a hospital led to 21% reduction in the length of stay and 21.6% reduction in the hospitalisation cost.

Article Title: Calorie counting eButton camera measures portion size

Date: 4th September 2013

Summary: A new wearable small computer called eButton has been invented to help to estimate the calories eaten by evaluating food portion sizes. It works by taking pictures of the food on the plate and comparing the shapes to a database. On average the eButton estimation resulted in only 3.69% of variation. While the results are promising there are still some unresolved issues which need to be addressed before the eButton can become a tool for people.

Article Title:  Violent behaviour linked to nutritional deficiencies

Date: 3rd September 2013

Summary: New report suggests that violent behaviour could be caused by vitamin deficiency especially vitamins A, D, K, B1, B3, B6, B12 and folate or mineral deficiency from low iodine, potassium, iron, magnesium, zinc, chromium or manganese levels. There are also other ingredients present in food which are linked to violent behaviour. These include: sugar, artificial colors and flavorings, caffeine, alcohol and soy foods.

AUGUST 2013

Article Title: ‘Gluten-free’ defined by the US food regulators

Date: 2nd August 2013

Summary:  US regulators have finally created a standard for products that carry a “gluten-free” label. The rule requires the products that contain a “gluten free” label to contain less than 20 parts per million of gluten. This value has been selected because this amount does not make a person with coeliac disease ill.

Article Title: How Sleep Loss Adds to Weight Gain

Date: 6th August 2013

Summary: Numerous studies have shown that when adults and children are sleep deprived they eat more. Matthew P Walker’s findings suggest that a sleepy brain responds more strongly to cravings for junk food like chips and chocolate cake even if there is no hunger. However it also appears that a sleepy brain is less able to control these cravings which explains why people eat more when they are tired even if they are not hungry.

Article Title: Cocoa ‘Might Prevent Memory Decline’

Date: 7th August 2013

Summary: Neurology journal reported a study of 60 elderly people with no dementia found that drinking 2 cups of cocoa a day improved blood flow to the brain. The people who had improved blood flow to the brain also scored better on the memory tests at the end of the study. Cocoa is rich in flavanols which are thought to have played an important role.

Article Title: How Exercise Can Help Us Learn

Date: 7th August 2013

Summary: Many studies have shown that exercise can help learn better and remember more. In the latest study it was shown that women who exercised gently remembered more words than those who sat down while learning or those who learned after having completed their exercise. There is however a previous study in which subjects performed worse at an exam the following day if they were asked to exercise vigorously while learning materials. So it seems that the message in these studies is that exercise timing and intensity interact to affect memory formation.

Article Title: Rituals Make Our Food More Flavorful

Date: 9th August 2013

Summary: New research shows that rituals like eating oreo cookies by dunking them in milk enhance how much people savour what they eat or drink. Even seemingly little rituals like scraping wooden chopsticks together before eating enhanced enjoyment of the meal. These rituals have been shown to not just enhance the enjoyment of treats like chocolate but also tastes of vegetables like carrots.

Article Title: The Health Trade Offs of Entrepreneurship

Date: 8th August 2013

Summary: A new study conducted for the NY Times using data from their Well-Being Index concluded that nationwide entrepreneurs tend to eat more healthy foods and exercise more than other workers. However they are also likely to have more stress and are less likely to have health insurance. Compared with other full time workers, entrepreneurs were slightly more likely to report they “ate healthy all day yesterday” or report that they regularly eat more fruit and vegetables. 59% of entrepreneurs exercised for 30 minutes 3 or more times a week versus 54% of other workers.

Article Title: Research Consistently Finds Walnut Oil Effective Against Type-2 Diabetes

Date: 9th August 2013

Summary: A team of researchers at Harward School of Public Health revealed that consumption of walnut oil is significantly correlated to lower risk of type-2 diabetes in women. Their finding showed that eating walnuts is inversly associated with the risk of having type-2 diabetes.

Article Title: Eating Oily Fish ‘Halves Rheumatoid Arthritis Risk’  

Date: 12th August 2013

Summary: Experts believe that eating one portion of oily fish like salmon or mackerel a week reduces the risk of rheumatoid arthritis. Including fish in the diet is beneficial because oily fish is rich in omega-3s . Omega-3s protect both heart and the brain. Omega-3s are also believed to be a good anti-inflamatory agent which explains why they might help to combat arthritis.

Article Title: How Exercise Can help Us Sleep Better

Date: 21st August 2013

Summary: A study published in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine found that at the end of the study the volunteers with insomnia who were exercising were sleeping much more soundly than at the start of the study. They slept on average 45 minutes to an hour longer on most nights and they did not wake up as often in the middle of then night. However on a day to day basis they did not always report they had better sleep after the exercise session.

Article Title: Broccoli Slows Arthritis, Researchers Think

Date: 27th August 2013

Summary: UK researchers believe that broccoli may slow down and even prevent osteoarthritis. Broccoli compound which can also be found in Brussels sprouts and cabbage has been shown to block a destructive enzyme that damages cartilage. They have now launched a study where 20 patients were asked to eat a diet high in broccoli. The results from this study are yet to be received.

Article Title: Blueberries, not Fruit Juice, Cut Type-2 Diabetes Risk

Date: 29th August 2013

Summary: Recent study published in the British Medical Journal has found that eating more fruit in particular blueberries, grapes and apples cuts the type-2 diabetes risk. However drinking juice increases the risk of type-2 diabetes. Even though many experts ask to treat this study with caution, there is an agreement on the benefits of substituting juice in favour of whole fruit.

Article Title: Harvard Meta-analysis Provides More Evidence that ‘1st Line of Defence Against Weight Gain is to Reduce or Stop Drinking Sugary Drinks

Date: 29th August 2013

Summary: Harvard researchers Vasanti Malik and Walter Willet conducted an analysis of 200,000 adults and children and concluded that consumption of sugar sweetened beverages promotes weight gain. However it is not known whether the cause for the weight gain is because the sugary drinks contain so many extra calories or whether it is because the sugars are in a liquid form and therefore enter the body quickly.

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